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Machu Picchu Advisor

Machu Picchu Advisor

Explore Machu Picchu

One of the most well known archeological sites of the world, and as a result, the most visited attraction in Peru. The fortress of Machu Picchu is famous throughout the world for its astonishing ruins and its different location on a high mountain overlooking the forceful flow of the Urubamba river.


Even today it remains a mystery of how these people were able to move the extremely large blocks of limestone to the top of the mountain for the construction of the city.


Built during the 15th century in a location hard to construct in, it is the achievement of most importance and wonder, how the Incas were such amazing architects, without the technology we have these days, due to their abilities to understand nature and ambitiousness displayed in their artful conceptions. Machu Picchu has a range of 13 sq/km and its principle uses were military and religious. It used to be encircled by an outer wall with a height of 6.00 m. and a width of 1.80 m. and it is guessed that it was resided in by 10000 people. Made of limestone (the outer and inner walls), wood (doors and frames), and ceilings made of straw.

 

Machu Picchu

The archeological center of Machu Picchu are the most important attraction of Peru. The lost city of the Incas is located at 120 kilometers of Cusco, in the Urubamba Valley. Since its discovery back in 1911, by the American researcher Hiram Bingham, there have been many hypotheses regarding the construction of the city. However, it is known that the Incas built the city in this rough area of the jungle to avoid access and possible attacks from their enemies. Machu Picchu was the most important Incas center for worship and astronomic observation.


Machu Picchu has two big important areas: to the south, the agriculture area is made up of terraces, aqueducts, etc. To the north, the urban area is the city with its temples, observatories, workshops, and sacred burial plots. There are three ways to reach Machu Picchu: by helicopter (30 minute flight), by train (4 hours to Aguas Calientes), and through the trekking route known as the "Inca Trail" (a four to five day journey). The Inca trail to Machu Picchu is one of the most spectacular routes in the world, part of the 23,000 kilometers of road that the Incas built all around South America.

 

The climb to the Huayna Picchu is one of the best experiences. The name Huayna Picchu means "young mountain", compared to Machu Picchu "the old mountain". From the top of the young mountain you have an extraordinary view of the Machu Picchu complex and of the path that leads to the terraces on the edge of the abyss as well as of some small ruins of temples. Beyond the myths, Machu Picchu is the testimony of the knowledge and the greatest artistic expression of the Incas. This city catches the attention of all its visitors who admire its magnificent beauty.

 

Location of Machu Picchu: 112 km northwest of Cusco<

Altitude of Machu Picchu: 2400 m.a.s.l

 

Weather Chart Machu Picchu

 
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Max Daytime Temperature (°C) 25°C (77°F) Max Daytime Temperature in January in Machu Picchu 24°C (75°F) Max Daytime Temperature in February in Machu Picchu 25°C (77°F) Max Daytime Temperature in March in Machu Picchu 26°C (79°F) Max Daytime Temperature in April in Machu Picchu 25°C (77°F) Max Daytime Temperature in May in Machu Picchu 25°C (77°F) Max Daytime Temperature in June in Machu Picchu 25°C (77°F) Max Daytime Temperature in July in Machu Picchu 26°C (79°F) Max Daytime Temperature in August in Machu Picchu 25°C (77°F) Max Daytime Temperature in September in Machu Picchu 27°C (81°F) Max Daytime Temperature in October in Machu Picchu 26°C (79°F) Max Daytime Temperature in November in Machu Picchu 25°C (77°F) Max Daytime Temperature in December in Machu Picchu
Min Night-time Temperature (°C) 10°C (50°F) Min Night-time Temperature in January in Machu Picchu 10°C (50°F) Min Night-time Temperature in February in Machu Picchu 10°C (50°F) Min Night-time Temperature in March in Machu Picchu 10°C (50°F) Min Night-time Temperature in April in Machu Picchu 8°C (46°F) Min Night-time Temperature in May in Machu Picchu 7°C (45°F) Min Night-time Temperature in June in Machu Picchu 8°C (46°F) Min Night-time Temperature in July in Machu Picchu 8°C (46°F) Min Night-time Temperature in August in Machu Picchu 9°C (48°F) Min Night-time Temperature in September in Machu Picchu 11°C (52°F) Min Night-time Temperature in October in Machu Picchu 11°C (52°F) Min Night-time Temperature in November in Machu Picchu 10°C (50°F) Min Night-time Temperature in December in Machu Picchu
Hours of Sunshine (Daily) 5 Hours of Bright Sunshine per day (42% of Daylight Hours) in January in Machu Picchu 5 Hours of Bright Sunshine per day (42% of Daylight Hours) in February in Machu Picchu 6 Hours of Bright Sunshine per day (48% of Daylight Hours) in March in Machu Picchu 7 Hours of Bright Sunshine per day (59% of Daylight Hours) in April in Machu Picchu 8 Hours of Bright Sunshine per day (66% of Daylight Hours) in May in Machu Picchu 8 Hours of Bright Sunshine per day (70% of Daylight Hours) in June in Machu Picchu 8 Hours of Bright Sunshine per day (70% of Daylight Hours) in July in Machu Picchu 8 Hours of Bright Sunshine per day (68% of Daylight Hours) in August in Machu Picchu 7 Hours of Bright Sunshine per day (60% of Daylight Hours) in September in Machu Picchu 7 Hours of Bright Sunshine per day (56% of Daylight Hours) in October in Machu Picchu 7 Hours of Bright Sunshine per day (55% of Daylight Hours) in November in Machu Picchu 6 Hours of Bright Sunshine per day (47% of Daylight Hours) in December in Machu Picchu
Hours of Daylight (Daily) 13 Hours of Daylight in January in Machu Picchu 13 Hours of Daylight in February in Machu Picchu 12 Hours of Daylight in March in Machu Picchu 12 Hours of Daylight in April in Machu Picchu 12 Hours of Daylight in May in Machu Picchu 11 Hours of Daylight in June in Machu Picchu 11 Hours of Daylight in July in Machu Picchu 12 Hours of Daylight in August in Machu Picchu 12 Hours of Daylight in September in Machu Picchu 12 Hours of Daylight in October in Machu Picchu 13 Hours of Daylight in November in Machu Picchu 13 Hours of Daylight in December in Machu Picchu
Heat and Humidity Discomfort No heat & humidity in January in Machu Picchu No heat & humidity in February in Machu Picchu No heat & humidity in March in Machu Picchu Low heat & humidity in April in Machu Picchu Low heat & humidity in May in Machu Picchu No heat & humidity in June in Machu Picchu No heat & humidity in July in Machu Picchu Low heat & humidity in August in Machu Picchu No heat & humidity in September in Machu Picchu Low heat & humidity in October in Machu Picchu Low heat & humidity in November in Machu Picchu No heat & humidity in December in Machu Picchu
Days with some Rainfall 15 Days with some Rainfall in January in Machu Picchu 20 Days with some Rainfall in February in Machu Picchu 13 Days with some Rainfall in March in Machu Picchu 9 Days with some Rainfall in April in Machu Picchu 6 Days with some Rainfall in May in Machu Picchu 2 Days with some Rainfall in June in Machu Picchu 2 Days with some Rainfall in July in Machu Picchu 3 Days with some Rainfall in August in Machu Picchu 7 Days with some Rainfall in September in Machu Picchu 9 Days with some Rainfall in October in Machu Picchu 9 Days with some Rainfall in November in Machu Picchu 13 Days with some Rainfall in December in Machu Picchu
Monthly Rainfall (mm) 206 mm (8.1 inches) Monthly Rainfall in January in Machu Picchu 217 mm (8.5 inches) Monthly Rainfall in February in Machu Picchu 196 mm (7.7 inches) Monthly Rainfall in March in Machu Picchu 106 mm (4.2 inches) Monthly Rainfall in April in Machu Picchu 33 mm (1.3 inches) Monthly Rainfall in May in Machu Picchu 18 mm (0.7 inches) Monthly Rainfall in June in Machu Picchu 24 mm (0.9 inches) Monthly Rainfall in July in Machu Picchu 34 mm (1.3 inches) Monthly Rainfall in August in Machu Picchu 53 mm (2.1 inches) Monthly Rainfall in September in Machu Picchu 91 mm (3.6 inches) Monthly Rainfall in October in Machu Picchu 115 mm (4.5 inches) Monthly Rainfall in November in Machu Picchu 173 mm (6.8 inches) Monthly Rainfall in December in Machu Picchu
UV Index (Maximum) UV (Maximum) Index 11+ (Extreme) in January in Machu Picchu UV (Maximum) Index 11+ (Extreme) in February in Machu Picchu UV (Maximum) Index 11+ (Extreme) in March in Machu Picchu UV (Maximum) Index 11+ (Extreme) in April in Machu Picchu UV (Maximum) Index 11 (Extreme) in May in Machu Picchu UV (Maximum) Index 10 (Very High) in June in Machu Picchu UV (Maximum) Index 10 (Very High) in July in Machu Picchu UV (Maximum) Index 11+ (Extreme) in August in Machu Picchu UV (Maximum) Index 11+ (Extreme) in September in Machu Picchu UV (Maximum) Index 11+ (Extreme) in October in Machu Picchu UV (Maximum) Index 11+ (Extreme) in November in Machu Picchu UV (Maximum) Index 11+ (Extreme) in December in Machu Picchu
J F M A M J J A S O N D

 

Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu Mountain

Huayna Picchu and Machu Picchu Mountain are two mountains peaks which tower over the Machu Picchu archaeological site. To climb one of the mountains you need to purchase a pass in combination with your Machu Picchu entry ticket-passes cannot be purchased separately from entry ticket, and once entry ticket has been purchased a mountain pass cannot be added or cancelled.

 

Huayna Picchu mountain

This is the more popular of the two optional mountain treks but it also can be very crowded. 200 people start climbing between 7am-8am, and 200 people start between 10am-11am so in total 400 people climb every morning. The trail is quite steep and takes about 1.5 hours to climb up and down - people who have trouble with vertigo may not enjoy this trek. There are some interesting archaeological ruins on the top of Huayna Picchu mountain.

 

Machu Picchu Mountain

This hike is less popular than Huayna Picchu but no less beautiful. Machu Picchu mountain is located on the other side of the ruins from Huayna Picchu. There are 500 passes available daily. You can begin your climb between 7 and 11am. The trail is less steep than Huayna Picchu but it is a longer hike (takes about 3 hours total).


Check this amazing link out for views from the Huayna Picchu mountain and Machu Picchu mountain (it will open with the Huayna Picchu mountain, click on the right side of the picture and the other views will open) Click Here

 

Travel to Machu Picchu

 

Machu Picchu by train

If you have a few days to visit Machu Picchu, We recommend to take the train, From Ollantaytambo station to Machu Picchu is 2hrs and from Poroy station to Machu Picchu is 4 hrs aprox.


There are two train companies to Machu Picchu.

 

Peru Rail:

This company have three different services HIRAM BINGHAM train, VISTADOME train and EXPEDITION train.

 

Inca Rail train:

This company have two different service to Machu Picchu, EJECUTIVO train, TOURIST Train.

 

Accomodation

Agua Calientes is the small village 20 minutes for the ruins of Machu Picchu.  There is a variety of hotels, hostels and bed and breakfasts available.  Usually  it is best booked before the trip to Machu Picchu. Accomodation is included in all packages with tour and travel agents.

 

Hiking to Machu Picchu
If you have longer time to visit Machu Picchu, We recommend you take the Hiking to Machu Picchu. Like Classic Inca Trail, Salkantay trek, Lares Valley Trek and other alternative trek to Machu Picchu.

 

Machu Picchu is both, the best and the least known site of the Incas as it is not mentioned in any Spanish conquistador´s chronicle so that contemporary archaeologists can not do anything more than just speculate on its functions. Native Quechuan farmers had known about Machu Picchu for centuries. Over the years a lot of work has been done on digging up and examining the site. Despite these efforts, many unanswered questions remain.




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